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      国粹网~弘扬国粹,共圆梦想。  国粹网~弘扬国粹,共圆梦想。国粹网~弘扬国粹,共圆梦想。  国粹网~弘扬国粹,共圆梦想。

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      国学文化
       
      七十七个中国文化常识(之一)
       发布时间:2015/7/19 浏览次数:567

      七十七个中国文化常识(之一)

       

      1.【十二生肖】

      子鼠、丑牛、寅虎、卯兔、辰龙、巳蛇、午马、未羊、申猴、酉鸡、戌狗、亥猪

       

      2.【十大名茶】

      西湖龙井(浙江杭州西湖区)、碧螺春(江苏吴县太湖的洞庭山碧螺峰)、信阳毛尖(河南信阳车云山)、君山银针(湖南岳阳君山)、六安瓜片(安徽六安和金 寨两县的齐云山)、黄山毛峰(安徽歙县黄山)、祁门红茶(安徽祁门县)、都匀毛尖(贵州都匀县)、铁观音(福建安溪县)、武夷岩茶(福建崇安县)

       

      3.【四大名绣】

      苏绣(苏州)、湘绣(湖南)、蜀绣(四川)、广绣(广东)

       

      4.【四大名扇】

      檀香扇(江苏)、火画扇(广东)、竹丝扇(四川)、绫绢扇(浙江)

       

      5.【四大名花】

      牡丹(河南洛阳)、水仙(福建漳州)、菊花(浙江杭州)、山茶(云南昆明)

       

      6.【四大发明】

      造纸(东汉.蔡伦)、火药(唐朝.古代炼丹家)、印刷术(北宋.毕升)、指南针(北宋.发明者无记载)

       

      7.【古代主要节日】

      元日:正月初一,一年开始。

      人日:正月初七,主小孩。

      上元:正月十五,张灯为戏,又叫“灯节”

      社日:春分前后,祭祀祈祷农事。

      寒食:清明前两日,禁火三日(吴子胥)

      清明:四月初,扫墓、祭祀。

      端午:五月初五,吃粽子,划龙(屈原)

      七夕:七月初七,妇女乞巧(牛郎织女)

      中元:七月十五,祭祀鬼神,又叫“鬼节”

      中秋:八月十五,赏月,思乡

      重阳:九月初九,登高,插茱萸免灾

      冬至:又叫“至日”,节气的起点。

      腊日:腊月初八,喝“腊八粥”

      除夕:一年的最后一天的晚上,初旧迎新

       

      8.【四书】

      《论语》、《中庸》、《大学》、《孟子》

       

      9.【五经】

      《诗经》、《尚书》、《礼记》、《易经》、《春秋》

       

      10.【八股文】

      破题、承题、起讲、入手、起股、中股、后股、束股

       

      11.【六子全书】

      《老子》、《庄子》、《列子》、《荀子》、《扬子法言》、《文中子中说》

       


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